Reducing the costs of logistics processes is a task that requires a lot of knowledge from the manager. After all, to succeed, he or she needs to study the advantages of transport modes used and bet on the one that best fits the type of business.
If you are a manager or want to deepen your knowledge, Polyexcel has prepared a list of the major modes of transport. Keep following our blog to learn more about it.
What are working modes?
The modes of transportation in logistics are nothing more than techniques used to transport the goods from the manufacturer to the final destination. This process should be thought with caution by the logistics sector of the company so that there are no losses in the quality of the product.
Because these companies deliver to different and distant places, they can adopt some modes of transportation, such as those listed below.
- Unimodal: only one modality is used;
- Intermodal: in this case, there is a variation in the modality in parts of the route made by the merchandise, and for each one, a contact is made,
- Multimodal: more than one modality is used during the journey, but all are governed by the same contract.
What are the types of transport modes?
The transportation modes of a company vary according to factors such as distance, fragility of cargo, place of delivery, etc. Among the main ones are the following techniques:
Rail transport types are good options when there is a need to transport cargo with large volumes, which have a fixed location. Therefore, they are widely used to transport commodities such as steel, agricultural products, iron derivatives and oil.
Among the main advantages of this model are the low cost, due to cheaper fuels, high safety in the transport of cargo and low risks of accident.
The road transport is made by cars and trucks. Its routes have paths that cut the countries from North to South, although it is only indicated for short distances. It also enables reasonable deadlines and transportation of various cargoes.
By investing in modes of road transport, the company gains the advantage of easy hiring and little bureaucracy in issuing documentation. In addition, it enjoys government incentives and accessibility, as they can reach more distant locations.
Like the railway modal, the waterway, that is, the one that carries out maritime transport, can transport large volumes over long distances. However, for everything to go well, the cargo needs to be well located and have a longer deadline for delivery.
This mode of transport has a small risk of theft, theft, damage to cargo and other types of damage, in addition to low freight costs. Another advantage is that it can be used in conjunction with the road to ensure greater accuracy in product deliveries.
This option works by using ducts, which may be apparent, underground or submarines. Recommended for the shipment of liquid, granular and gas fluids, the transport is done through the pressure control inserted.
Although not as widespread as the water transport, it can present attractive advantages, such as shipping over long distances. Low operating cost, safety and reliability are other factors that make it an interesting technique.
The air method is a very popular transport mode. This is because it offers agility for companies that need to carry out long-distance deliveries, especially when there are perishable products. It is also employed for shipping high cost goods.
To be even more efficient, the airway needs to be combined with other modals, such as road, for example. After all, the cargo must be taken to the airport to then be routed to the final destination.
What is the importance of transport modes?
Good logistics planning is essential to improve and optimize the results of a company’s operations. As transport modals have a specific characteristic, it is necessary an evaluation of managers on which of these options best meet the needs of the business.
Another important factor is that, from the knowledge about the particularities of each technique, it is possible to diversify the means used for delivery. For this, it is recommended to make an in-depth analysis of costs, types of cargo, delivery times and operational risks.
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