Defined as a set of energy resources available in a given territory, the energy mix represents the amount of energy available in one location. In other words, it serves as a guideline for the energy industry to plan activities related to innovation, production, transportation and sales.
Many people don’t know the difference between energy mix and electrical mix and think they’re the same. However, while the former represents a set of available energy sources to move cars and generate electricity, the second is made up of sources available only for electricity generation.
Thus, we can conclude that the electrical mix is part of the energy mix. But how do these technologies work in Brazil and around the world? Read below our full article on the subject!
Energy mix in Brazil and worldwide
The global energy mix is mainly composed of non-renewable sources, such as oil, coal and natural gas. Renewable sources, such as wind, solar and geothermal are also present on the world stage, but are not widely used. Hydraulics and biomass are also little used.
When it comes to the Brazilian energy mix, the situation changes completely in relation to the European energy mix and in the rest of the world. This happens because although non-renewable sources are widely used, in Brazil we use hydraulics, charcoal, among others. Renewables account for half of our mix.
Since 1970, the Brazilian government has encouraged the production and use of ethanol, a fuel obtained through sugarcane, which is also a widely used renewable source. Even ethanol is equivalent to 15% of the total fuels used in combustion engines.
Around the world there has been a discussion about the need to replace the energy mix based on fossil fuels and non-renewable sources. The main reason for this is the environmental issue, and dependence on oil is one of the main causes of concern.
Energy mix consumption
According to data released by the EPE, the Brazilian energy mix is more renewable than the world’s. This characteristic is very important, because non-renewable sources are the major responsible for the emission of polluting gases, such as the greenhouse effect (GHG).
As Brazil consumes much more energy from renewable sources than other countries, the country is able to divide the emission of polluting gases by the total number of inhabitants of the country, with a much lower greenhouse production when compared to most other countries.
Electrical mix in Brazil and the world
Now that we know what does energy mix mean and how its composition is made in Brazil and in the world, how about knowing more about the electrical mix? As we saw at the beginning of this article, this technology is formed by the joining of sources available only for the generation of electricity in a state, country or in the world.
With electricity, we can listen to music on the radio, turn on the refrigerator, watch TV, charge the phone, turn on the light, among many other activities. The generation of this technology on the planet is based on fossil fuels such as thermoelectric plants, natural gas, oil and coal.
Brazil’s electric mix is even more renewable than the previous mix. This is because much of the energy generated in the country comes from hydroelectric plants. The wind option has also been growing a lot, contributing to our electricity mix being renewable, for the most part.
Electrical mix consumption
According to data published in an infographic by the EPE, the Brazilian electric mix is based on renewable energy sources, the opposite of the world mix. This is great for Brazil, because the operating costs end up being lower. What’s more, plants that produce renewable energy emit fewer gases.
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